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Although local Ukrainians had tried to incorporate their districts in northern Bukovina into the Western Ukrainian National Republic, Romania gained control of the whole province (Treaty of Saint-Germain; 1919) and pursued a Rumanization policy there. It is bounded by the Prut River on the west, the Dniester River on the north and east, the Black Sea on the southeast, and the Chilia arm of the Danube River delta on the south.
Bessarabia contains much of archaeological interest, including mounds and barrows of early epochs, remains of a wall built by the Roman emperor Trajan, some traces of Greek and Roman towns, and some forts along the Dniester built by the Genoese in the 14th century.During the beginning of the 19th century, Russia granted Bessarabia autonomy (1818-28) and allowed it a Moldavian governor and archbishop.But by the end of the century, Russification in both the civil and ecclesiastical administrations was the dominant policy.Bessarabia is a favoured area for agriculture, chiefly for cereals, fruit, and wine.- Ukrainian Dnipro, Russian DNEPR, Belorussian Dnepro, river of Europe, the fourth longest (1,367 miles [2,200 km]) after the Volga, Danube, and Ural rivers.
The Slavs began to enter the area in the 6th century, but their settlement was interrupted by invasions of other peoples from the east (ending with the Mongol invasion in the 13th century).