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After the Nazis' rise to power, Munich was declared their "Capital of the Movement".During World War II, Munich was heavily bombed and more than 50% of the entire city and up to 90% of the historic centre were destroyed.The name of the city is derived from the Old/Middle High German term Munichen, meaning "by the monks".It derives from the monks of the Benedictine order, who ran a monastery at the place that was later to become the Old Town of Munich; hence the monk depicted on the city's coat of arms. Catholic Munich strongly resisted the Reformation and was a political point of divergence during the resulting Thirty Years' War, but remained physically untouched despite an occupation by the Protestant Swedes.Straddling the banks of the River Isar (a tributary of the Danube) north of the Bavarian Alps, it is the seat of the Bavarian administrative region of Upper Bavaria, while being the most densely populated municipality in Germany (4,500 people per km²).
The arts and politics became increasingly influenced by the court (see Orlando di Lasso and Heinrich Schütz).
After the end of postwar American occupation in 1949, there was a great increase in population and economic power during the years of Wirtschaftswunder, or "economic miracle".
Unlike many other German cities which were heavily bombed, Munich restored most of its traditional cityscape and hosted the 1972 Summer Olympics.
The 1980s brought strong economic growth, high-tech industries and scientific institutions, and population growth.
The city is home to major corporations like BMW, Siemens, MAN, Linde, Allianz and Munich RE.
During the 16th century, Munich was a centre of the German counter reformation, and also of renaissance arts.